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Makampani opanga mafakitale amatsogolera dziko lonse lapansi

2020-05-10
Pambuyo pakupitilira kwazaka zopitilira, bizinesi yaku China yakufa ndi nkhungu yapita patsogolo kwambiri ndikukula msanga. Nthawi zambiri, kukulira kwa mapangidwe aukadaulo ndi ukadaulo wopanga ku China wadutsa gawo lazokongoletsa zopangira zolemba pamanja, chitukuko chofulumira cha kupanga mafakitale, gawo la mpikisano wazogulitsa komanso gawo la mpikisano wa zida zamakono.



Ndi chitukuko cha makampani opanga magalimoto ndiopitilira 20%, kuchuluka kwa mabizinesi akufa ndi zinthu zakufa zomwe zimalowa m'munda wamagalimoto zakwera kwambiri poyerekeza ndi chaka cham'mbuyomu. Mabizinesi agalimoto ayikanso mtsogolo zofuna za mtundu wa zinthu zomwe zifa, kupangitsa mabizinesi akufa kuti apititse patsogolo kusintha komanso kupitiliza konzanso. Nthawi yomweyo, chifukwa cha kukula kwakukulu kwa zotumiza kunja, zimathandizanso kwambiri kusintha kwaimfa.



Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa National Bureau of Statistics, mtengo wathunthu wa mafakitale aku China wawonjezereka kuchoka pa 136.731 biliyoni wa yuan mu 2010 kufika pa 250.994 biliyoni wa yuan mu 2017. Komabe, mu 2010-2016, mapangidwe a nkhungu ku China asintha. Mu 2016, kupanga nkhungu ku China kunali pafupifupi 17.23 miliyoni, 0.5% yochepa kuposa nthawi yomweyo chaka chatha.



Sinthani Mtundu Wopanga Ntchito Zotsatsira Zamakampani mu Mason mu 2010-2017



Malinga ndi lipoti la kusanthula kwa China Mold Viwanda Development Prospect Forecast and Investment Strategic Planning loperekedwa ndi Prospective Viwanda Research Institute, pali mafakitale 30,000 okonza ndi pafupifupi 1 miliyoni antchito ku China. Mu 2016, kugulitsa kwathunthu kwa nkhungu ku China kukafika pa 180 biliyoni ya yuan. Kuyambira 2013 mpaka 2015, chiwonetsero cha pachaka cha chiwonetsero chonse cha malonda ndi kufa ndi nkhungu ku China chafika 6.1%. Akuyerekeza kuti kugulitsa kwathunthu kwa kufa ndi nkhungu ku China kudzafika ku 200 biliyoni ya yuan mu 2018 ndi 218.8 biliyoni yuan mu 2020.



Ziwonetsero za Trend of Total Sales of Dies and Molds ku China kuyambira 2013 mpaka 2020



China, United States, Japan, Germany, South Korea ndi Italy ndi omwe amapanga mafakitale obayira ndi kupondaponda padziko lonse lapansi. Pakati pawo, China chimatulutsa chiwongola dzanja chachikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Poyerekeza ndikusanthula kagawidwe ka Msika wakufa m'maiko opanga kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, kufunikira kwa mafakitale a magalimoto ndi kwakukulukulu, kuwerengetsa pafupifupi 34%; kufunikira kwa makampani zamagetsi ndi pafupifupi 28%; kufuna kwa makampani a IT kuli pafupifupi 12%; kufunikira kwa makampani opangira zida zapanyumba ndi pafupifupi 9%; kufunikira kwa OA automation makampani ndi pafupifupi 4%; kufunikira kwa mafakitale a semiconductor kuli pafupifupi 4%; ndipo kufunikira kwa mafakitale ena kuli pafupifupi 9%.



Ngakhale China yakufa ndi mafakitale alowa m'malo otukuka, sichingakwaniritse zosowa za chitukuko cha makampani opanga China chifukwa cha kusiyana kwakukulu, moyo, mawonekedwe opanga ndi kuchuluka poyerekeza ndi gawo lapadziko lonse lapansi komanso mayiko otukuka patsogolo. Makamaka pantchito yolondola, zazikulu, zovuta komanso zazitali zimafa, kufunikira kumakhalabe kosowa. Chifukwa chake, chiwerengero chachikulu cha zakunja zimafunikira chaka chilichonse.